Selasa, 27 Maret 2012

The charm of Mount Bromo

Bromo-Semeru mountain, a mountain that is still active and best known as a tourist attraction in East Java. Tourist area is promising a beauty that you can not find in other places. From the top of the volcano is still active, you can enjoy the expanse of the ocean of sand 10km square area, and witnessed the splendor of Mount Semeru that rose through the clouds. You can also look at the beauty of the sun to move out of the dusk.Besides watching the beauty of the panorama offered by the Bromo-Semeru, if you come at the right time, then you can watch Kesodo ceremony, organized by the Tengger. The ceremony is usually started at midnight to early morning every full moon around 14 or 15 in Kesodo [tenth] according to the Javanese calendar. Kesodo ceremony is a ceremony to beg or ask for a bountiful harvest starting reinforcements and cure of various diseases, in particular by offering to throw offerings into the crater of Mount Bromo. When the procession took place, other Tengger community rollicking down the cliffs of the crater and the offerings are thrown into the crater, as a symbolic gift from the Almighty.
Getting ThereYou can reach this area by using a private car was rented vehicle. There are four main gates to enter the national park are: Cemorolawang if through the village of Probolinggo, Wonokitri village with pathways Pasuruan, Ngadas village and the village of Malang path is the path Lumajang Burno. The route can be taken is as follows: Pasuruan-Public-Tosari Dowo Wonokitri-Bromo-car use with a distance of 71 km, Malang-Mixed-Shack-Jemplang Klakah-Mount Bromo to use a car with a distance of 53 kmAtau of Malang-Purwodadi-Nongkojajar -Tosari-Wonokitri-Penanjakan approximately 83 kmWhere to StayVarious hotels and inns can be found around the area of ​​Bromo-Semeru National Park, ranging from flights to the 4-star hotel can make the choice to stay in the Bromo. Average rates of each hotel that is affordable to install.DiningIs a bit difficult to find places to eat in this area, especially at night. However, if you stay in the village Wonokitri, about 3 miles down precisely in the market Tosari can be found several food stalls selling food and is open until 9 pm.RoundYou can wander around the park area to rent a 4x4 jeep type vehicles. Or, if you just want to get around in the sand sea of ​​Bromo area, you can hire a horse that is widely available there.

Other Things to See and Do

As for other things to see or do in this area you can visit some of the objects below:

Cemorolawang. Entrance to one of the most visitednational park to see from a distance stretch of seasand and crater of Bromo, and camping.
Sand Sea and Mount Bromo Tengger. Bromoriding and hiking through the steps and see the sunrise.
Pananjakan. See the scenery of Mount Bromo,Mount Batok and Mount Semeru.
Ranu Pani, Ranu Regulo, Ranu and the summit of Mount Semeru Kumbolo. These lakes are very coldand always foggy (2,200 m. Above sea level) is often used as a transit point for climbers of MountSemeru (3676 m. Above sea level).
Ranu Darungan. Camping, observing animals /plants and captivating scenery.

You can buy a souvenir or souvenirs around thepoint area which is used to see the sunrise. In thisarea there are lots of souvenir stalls hawking their merchandise like shirts or t-shirts, beanie hats,scarves and more. In addition, in some areas of the sand sea there are also several souvenir hawkerswho sell shirts or t-shirt that reads Bromo-Semeru.

  1. The best visiting season is around June s / d in October and December of s / d in January.
  2. Keep in good health and prepared supplies of cold air barrier such as sweaters, hats, gloves retainingcold air, and the provision of food and drink in moderation.
  3. Keep in mind that at the peak Penanjakan nopengginapan it from a nearby inn should go in the morning around 03:00 to 04:00 o'clock in the morning.
  4. Given the difficulty of finding food in the evening, it would be better if you buy food and drinks as yourlunch.

Komodo: Komodo Browse More In Life

Many things that you can see and do here. Anamazing experience when you see the Komodo dragon up close in their natural habitat along the guide of course. On the island of Rinca, you cansee the dragons lie outside the national park rangers or lying near a house officer. Previously, to be able to see the Komodo dragon, you have togive a goat to attract the attention of the Komodo dragon, but it is already prohibited at this time.

If you did not get to see the Komodo, Rinca andKomodo island it has beautiful scenery with whitesandy beaches, mangrove forests, grasslands,savanna, and crystal clear blue beaches.

Here also you can do the activity of others such asdiving and snorkeling. You can also go to sea witha sailboat or fishing boat. Suggested dive sites isRed Beach, Batu Bolong, and the island of Tatawa.

On Red Beach you will enjoy the beautiful beachesof pink sand. When the waves of change sweepingthe sand color pink widened. This beach is estimated there are only 7 in the world. Coral reefsunder the sea is amazing because it occupied a variety of colorful fish such as bat fish, butterfly fish,and clown fish. Estimated at 1000 species of fish, 260 coral species and 70 species of sponge. How,interested?

When you are in the boat do not be surprised whengreeted by a dolphin, even if lucky you can seegreen sea turtles or whales swim in these waters.

If you want to see thousands of bats then you canstay in a motor boat in waters near the island ofRinca Island Bats.

The following is a description of nature in KomodoNational Park.

Terrestrial Fauna

Animals that live in the Land
On this island the animals that live on land much smaller than the sea animals. However, even on land inhabited by little animals but it is a habitat forunique animals dragons. There are also manyunique animals such as mammals, deer, pigs,monkeys, and ferrets. Some reptiles and birds are similar as found in Australia. Scrubfowl includingorange-legged, Lesser Sulpher-crested Cockatoo,and nosy friarbird.

Komodo dragons are reptiles than 12 species ofsnakes that live inland island. Including the cobra(Naja naja sputatrix), Russel's pit viper (Viperarusseli), and the venomous green tree snake(Trimeresurus albolabris). Lizards include 9 skinkspecies (Scinidae), geckos (Gekkonidae), notlimbed lizards (Dibamidae), and lizards(Varanidae). Bullfrog frog species such as Asia(Kaloula baleata), Oreophyne jeffersoniana, andOreophyne darewskyi. They can usually be found inthe humid highlands.

Mammals include timor deer (Cervus timorensis),the main prey Komodo dragon, horses (Equua sp.),Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), boar (Sus scrofavittatus), long-tailed monkey (Macaca fascicularis),palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphrodites lehmanni), mice that exist only on the island of Rinca (Rattusrintjanus), and fruit bats. You can also find goats,dogs, and cats.

Bird is one of the major species here. Therescrubfowl legged orange (Megapodius reinwardti),birds that live on land. Savanna grasslands in the region there are 27 species that you can observe.Striata and Streptopelia chinensis Geopelia is the most common species. There are also 28 species of birds, Philemon buceroides, Ducula aenea, andZosterops chloris the most frequently encountered.

Marine Physical EnvironmentMarine areas form 67% of the national park. Open waters of the park has a depth of 100 and 200 m.Strait of Rinca and Flores and Padar and Rinca, are relatively shallow depth of 30 to 70 m, with a large current. The combination of strong current, rocks and small islands to the islands around Komodo Island is difficult to reach and dangerous.Within the safe harbor contained in Loh Liang bay on the east coast of the island of Komodo, Padar southeast coast, and Gulf of Loh Kima and Loh Dasami on Rinca.In the northern part of the national park, the water temperature ranges between 25-29 º C. In the middle, the water temperature ranges between 24 and 28 º C. Lower water temperatures in the south, ranges between 22-28 º C with a salinity of about 34 ppt and the water was quite clear even though the water is close to the island a bit murky.Marine EcosystemsIndonesia is the only region that is passed to the equator in the world where there is exchange of marine flora and fauna between the Pacific and Indian oceans. Corridor in the Nusa Tenggara (formerly Leusser Sunda islands) between the Sunda and Sahul transfer delay between the Pacific and Indian oceans. 3 main ecosystems in Komodo National Park is the expanse of ocean, coral reefs and mangrove forests (mangroves).This park is nansional cetacean migration path.Sea plantsThree major marine flora is algae, seagrass, and mangrove trees. Algae are primitive plants that have no roots, leaves and stems. The composition of the important reef algae are coralline red algae that secrete a hard limestone skeleton that can be crusted and attachment of dead coral. Or Seagrass Seagrass is a modern plant that produces flowers, fruits, harbor, and seeds for reproduction. As the name suggests, the shape of seagrass as a grass that grows under the sea in the sand near the sea.Thallasia sp. and Zastera spp. is the most common species in national parks. Mangroves can live in salty soil or water and can be found throughout the park. Identified at least 19 native species of mangroves and some other mangrove species in the park boundaries.Sea AnimalsKomodo National Park are included in one of the world's richest marine. Marine life in the park were as many as 259 species of coral and 1,000 species of fish such as barracuda, marlin, yellow tail, red snapper, rabbitfish. Here you can find foram, cnidarians, including over 260 species of coral reef composition, about 70 species of sponges, ascidians, marine worms, molluscs, echinoderm, crustaceans, cartilaginous, and bony fish more than 1,000 species of marine reptiles,and marine mammals such as dolphins, whales and dugongs. Some important species of commercial value is the sea cucumber (Holothuria), Napoleon wrasse (Cheilinus undulates), and groups of fish such as sardines.

for pictures: